A softwood tree which grows in northern and central Europe forests and is used as industrial, construction, decorative for interior & exterior wood, even as Christmas tree. In softwoods Spruce is more popular for different usages, the reason cold be its appearance and its hardness between softwoods which has made it very usable in mentioned usages.
Spruce and Pine, both could be very good choice as wood panel, decking board, construction beam, lumber, garden furniture, etc. but depends on customers or architects tastes and designs due to its appearance and knots shape could be chosen while both are soft wood and could be found in North & center of Europe.
Spruce name in Latin is Picea abies, in fact there are many different kind of Spruce or Pine in the world but the common one for different usages are found in northern Europe countries such as Finland.
Spruce trees could live until 300 years and its hight could be until 5o meters but its age depends on soil quality and environment condition could be less even.
Spruce and Pine are ever green trees, that is why the forests which are covered by these trees are green in summer and winter and its causes a particular nature in the forest appearance.
How to recognize Spruce?
In fresh Spruce & Pine wood, smell and color could help us to recognize it easily, Spruce wood is while or yellow-white. After any treatment like thermo treatment process or impregnation, etc. the color of spruce and pine may change. For example Thermowood Pine or Spruce is brown which could be light or dark brown depends on its thermowood grade: D or S.
Its age rings could be narrow or wide and visible easily and there are many knots with ring shape.
Characteristics of Spruce, Pine wood?
Spruce is soft, medium-weight and its gross density is about 470kg/m3, its moisture is about 12%-15%.
Spruce in consider as a excellent wood with mechanical properties. It breaks quickly, and for its outdoor usages, it is very important to protect it against water. For this protection thermo treatment, impregnation, chemical materials or protection coating could be used.
Spruce is particularly suitable for construction usages because it is while and elastic. Spruce shrinks easily and has a strong drying ability.
How we could process Spruce?
The weight of Spruce wood is light and elastic, then because of its soft characteristics, spruce wood could easily be proceeded mechanically or handy while all tools could be used. Spruce could be glued easily (for example for construction laminated lumbers) and screw and nail work on it very good and tight.
Then a good choice for carpenters to create wood furniture, wooden wall panel, decking board, deck tile, pergola, gazebo, construction lumbers, etc.
For what usage, Spruce could be used?
Spruce wood is a good choice as a construction material as well as energy making. From its round logs shapes until its cut and planed panels or boards are usable in construction or industry, that is why it is a wide range of usage material in Europe.
Usages on Spruce in interior design such as build furniture, ceiling boards, Saunas, wall panels could help architects and interior designers to design a particular area.
Outdoor usage of Spruce such as cladding, decking, fences, door & window frames, pallets, etc. are very common in all the world.
How to maintain Spruce wood for indoor and outdoor?
For indoor usages of Spruce or Pine, we could use suitable oil, varnish, coating, painting, etc. depends on what we would like.
For interior usages of Spruce or Pine, coating or oiling could be enough, but in exterior usages on Spruce or Pine, it is different.
We would better to process Pine or Spruce wood for outdoor usages such as Thermo wood, Impregnated wood, Dried wood, Stone wood, etc.
After these exterior wood processes, outdoor coating could protect Spruce or Pine better against weathering and UV of sun.
Is Spruce suitable material as Thermowood?
Thermo treatment process could be done on many softwoods and hardwoods due to its usages in wooden cladding, wall panel, decking boards, construction timbers or lumber. For example thermo pine or spruce are the best choice for exterior façade (cladding), decking, garden furniture, while some architects would like to use some hardwoods such as Ash or Birch in outdoor or indoor designs.
One point is using thermowood material for outdoor (exterior) usages is its durability in long time against humidity, weather, and sun. Softwoods are a better choice for thermo treatment wood because of its reaction against weather changes in different seasons and different times of 24 hours.
For example, temperature and humidity changes between 3 o’clock in morning and 3 o’clock in afternoon as well as in winter and in summer seasons.
Intelligent Company (https://ingt.fi), is producer of different Spruce and Pine products for interior & exterior usages such as cladding panels, decking boards, decking tiles, wall panels, construction timbers and lumbers (solid and laminated), garden furniture, etc.
Exterior products in Intelligent company are proceeded and are ready as durable wood for outdoor.
Thermo treated woods in Intelligent company are durable and resistant against many changes for exterior usages which are produced in different sizes in thickness, width, and length.
Other dried wall panels or facade boards are suitable for building cladding which could be coated with resistant paints for longer durability. Different products are offered with its coating/painting due to architect or customer designs, also customizing in products or services could be negotiable also.
Intelligent company’s head office and production factory are in Finland.
Due to offering better services to customers in Germany and middle Europe, our board members decided to open Germany’s office in Dresden in November 2021, and now our team in Finland and Germany are trying to do their best due to customer’s satisfaction.
Asking for Intelligent company’s products in other countries via our distributors and representative are possible also, then please contact us for asking about our distributors contact information based on your location.
Our team’s mission is offering qualified goods with best services while customer is experiencing an easy shopping.